European ship supply is greatly affected by European customs legislation. This is because of the specialized nature of the ship supply operations. Offical
Fundamental principle of ship supply
Goods delivered onboard a vessel are being used and consumed exclusively within that vessel during the entire voyage of that vessel. These goods are not destined to be imported into another country nor transported by other means of transport through it. In other words, once onboard, they never leave the vessel again.
The relevance of the export procedure for ship supply has been pointed out many times and its unique status in terms of special trade conditions and legal interpretation. This is because in the case of ship supply the old saying "one country's export is another country's import" does not apply here. Goods designated as ship supply should be considered as having left the EU once they have been loaded onboard of a vessel which is bound for another country. The vessel should be considered to be similar to a “third country” regardless its origin or destination. SPEECH: EU Policy Requirements for Ship Suppliers by ISSA President Jens Olsen
Transit traffic is the most common form of trade for ship supply. This is because a ship supplier removes goods no longer used on board, faulty goods for repair or spare parts for storage. For instance, inflatable life-rafts on vessels have to be regularly inspected. Ship suppliers therefore have to land them, bring them back to their company for inspection and deliver them back on board during the short time period that the vessel is in port. This can also take the form of an import operation.
Supervision of private bonded warehouses is exercised by Customs officials checking every input and delivery from the warehouse. Regulations for bonded warehouses are laid down by custom authorities. In a number of cases, deliveries from private Bonded warehouses are only permitted for supplies to ships. Regulations for bonded warehouses and Free Ports differ in many countries and even in different port areas of the same country. Sometimes only limited categories of goods may be put into bonded warehouses.
- Guidance on ship supply under the Union Customs Code (as of 1 May 2016)
- Study on the customs treatment of ship supply in the EU (2015 edition)
- Power Point Presentation: The European Commission and EU Member States visit Ship Supply companies in Genoa, Italy (orgnised by ANPAN & OCEAN)